Group for the Scientific Reappraisal of the HIV/AIDS Hypothesis is
formed in 1991 at the initiative of Charles Thomas, former professor of
molecular biology at Harvard. The Group comprises
thirty-two signatories to an open
letter to the scientific community:
widely believed by the general public that a retrovirus called HIV
causes the group of diseases called AIDS. Many biomedical scientists now
question this hypothesis. We propose that a thorough reappraisal of the
existing evidence for and against this hypothesis be conducted by a
suitable independent group. We further propose that critical
epidemiological studies be devised and undertaken.
important among the signatories is Royal Perth Hospital biophysicist
Eleni Papadopulos-Eleopulos, who has
identified the fundamental problem
with the ‘HIV’ theory of AIDS
missed by fellow signatory Dr Peter
Duesberg, professor of cell and molecular biology at the University of
California at Berkeley: she shows that contrary to his mistaken
concession on this critical point, Luc Montagnier hadn’t isolated any
retrovirus as he’d claimed in 1983, and nor had Robert Gallo or anyone
this fundamental contradiction between Papadopulos-Eleopulos and
Duesberg in their
different and antagonistic
critiques of the HIV-AIDS hypothesis, the letter is sufficiently broadly
framed to accommodate them both.
June 1992 the first issue of a
newsletter called Rethinking AIDS explains:
RETHINKING AIDS is an occasional publication of the Group for the
Scientific Reappraisal of the HIV/AIDS Hypothesis
Group for the Scientific Reappraisal of the HIV/AIDS Hypothesis came
into existence as a result of our efforts to get the following four
sentence letter published in a number of prominent scientific journals.
All have refused to do so.
of the letter above]
‘Editorial Board’ of Rethinking AIDS is gathered and constituted
informally. It is not elected by the thirty-two founder members of the
Group for the Scientific Reappraisal of the HIV/AIDS Hypothesis, or by
subsequent signatories supporting the Group’s statement.
Papadopulos-Eleopulos is not invited to join it.
Bialy, a proponent of Duesberg’s claim that ‘HIV’ is a harmless
passenger virus, is editor. James Trabulse, a
businessman, is publisher. Duesberg
is on the ‘Editorial Board’.
Unsurprisingly, the debut article in Rethinking AIDS entitled
‘It’s time to re-evaluate the HIV-AIDS hypothesis’ is straight out of
Duesberg’s book and is solidly premised on his uncritical acceptance of
Montagnier’s claim to have isolated ‘HIV’, and that it exists and can
infect cells, only it’s harmless.
second half of 1994, around the time Duesberg and Brian Ellison broke up
over their co-authored
dispute, Trabulse sides with
Ellison, falls out with the ‘Editorial Board’, and
uses the RA mailing list to
advertise Ellison’s edition of the book and mail out unauthorized
Rethinking AIDS newsletters.
October 1994 UC Berkeley law
professor Phillip Johnson issues a disclaimer dissociating from
Trabulse, Ellison and Rethinking AIDS, and announces the
intention to recommence publication of the newsletter under the title
November 1994 Issue ‘Number 1’ of ‘Volume 2’ of the newsletter is
published under the new name.
January 1995, without the authority of the ‘Editorial Board’, Trabulse
uses the Rethinking AIDS newsletter to
publish ‘PHILLIP JOHNSON ON TRIAL:
The Attempt to Censor the Ellison/Duesberg Book by Joel A. Schwartz and
Bryan J. Ellison’.
January 1995 issue of Reappraising AIDS publishes ‘AIDS in
Africa?’ by Papadopulos-Eleopulos and her Perth Group.
February 1995 the ‘Editorial Board’ gets a
letter published in Science.
It’s coarsely drafted – from the style and content apparently by Bialy.
The Perth Group are not consulted about the letter, nor are the other
original founding members of the Group for the Scientific Reappraisal of
the HIV/AIDS Hypothesis.
letter is undersigned by the members of the Reappraising AIDS
newsletter ‘Editorial Board’, all named, purporting to represent the
Group for the Scientific Reappraisal of the HIV/AIDS Hypothesis.
this letter differs radically from the original four sentence letter to
which Papadopulos-Eleopulos and the other AIDS dissident scientists
subscribed under the collective name for the particular purpose – and no
other – The Group for the Scientific Reappraisal of the HIV/AIDS
letter in Science is premised on Duesberg’s mistaken concession
in his 1987 Cancer Research paper that Montagnier achieved the
’isolation of ... HIV’, and it implicitly contradicts
Papadopulos-Eleopulos’s observation to the contrary. The letter
stabilizes the orthodox HIV-AIDS model to the extent that it affirms
that ’HIV’ does exist, questioning only whether it lives up to its name
as the cause of AIDS:
1991, we, the Group for the Scientific Reappraisal of the HIV/AIDS
Hypothesis, became dissatisfied with the state of the evidence that the
human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) did, in fact, cause AIDS.
Specifically, we have proposed that researchers independent of the HIV
establishment should audit the Centers for Disease Control’s records of
AIDS cases, bearing in mind that the correlation of HIV with AIDS, upon
which the case for HIV causation rests, is itself an artefact of the
definition of AIDS. Since 1985, exactly the same diseases or conditions
have been defined as ‘AIDS’ when antibodies are present, and as
‘non-AIDS’ when HIV and antibodies are absent. Independent professional
groups such as the Society of Actuaries should be invited to nominate
members for an independent commission to investigate the following
question: How frequently do AIDS-defining diseases (or low T cell
counts) occur in the absence of HIV? Until we have a definition of AIDS
that is independent of HIV, the supposed correlation of HIV and AIDS is
independent researchers should examine the validity of the so-called
‘AIDS tests,’ especially when these tests are used in Africa and
Southern Asia, to see if they reliably record the presence of
antibodies, let alone live and replicating virus.
bottom line is this: the skeptics are eager to see the results of
independent scientific testing. Those who uphold the HIV ‘party line’
have so far refused. We object.
Baumann, Tom Bethell, Harvey Bialy, Peter H. Duesberg, Celia Farber,
Charles L. Geshekter, Phillip E. Johnson, Robert W. Maver, Russell
Schoch, Gordon T. Stewart, Richard C. Strohman, Charles A. Thomas Jr.
Group for the Scientific Reappraisal of the HIV/AIDS Hypothesis.
first issue of Reappraising AIDS soliciting tax-deductible
donations is in July 1996. This means that what commenced as a group of
signatories has been registered with the IRS as a tax exempt
organization: a private foundation or a public charity.
Papadopulos-Eleopulos is not consulted, nor are the other original Group
for the Scientific Reappraisal of the HIV/AIDS Hypothesis members, other
than those on the ‘Editorial Board’.
February 1997 issue of
Continuum Duesberg deplores
as ‘tragic’ that AIDS dissidents should be debating whether ‘HIV’ exists
to liberate the minds of HIV dissidents from HIV for the cause that
unites us all – the solution of AIDS. It seems tragic that over 99% of
AIDS researchers study a virus that does not cause AIDS and that the few
who don’t are now engaged in a debate over the existence of a virus that
doesn’t cause AIDS.’
January 1997 David Rasnick, a chemist, is listed as a member of the
June 1997 issue of Reappraising AIDS includes ‘About the
Australians’ and the Perth Group’s article ‘The Isolation Question’.
September 1997 the ‘New! Reappraising Web Site’ is announced.
1998 the ‘Editorial Board’ is renamed the ‘Board of Directors’.
August 1998 Rasnick is cited as ‘President’ of the ‘Board of Directors’.
April 1999 the ‘Board of Directors’ is cited as the ‘Reappraising AIDS
Board of Directors’.
1999 the ‘Group’s Board of Directors’ is cited, plus a statement ‘About
the Group’, asserting:
found solid scientific reasons to conclude that: HIV may be entirely
Several further points
talk about ‘HIV infections’. The statement represents Duesberg’s
harmless virus line as the sort and as the quality of science propounded
by the original Group for the Scientific Reappraisal of the HIV/AIDS
Hypothesis of which Papadopulos-Eleopulos was a founding member in 1991
– contradicting her observation that the virus Duesberg and his allies
believe in hasn’t been shown to exist, as elucidated in the Perth
Group’s article ‘The Isolation Question’ in the June 1997 newsletter.
second half of 1999 reappraisingaids.org goes online, changing a few
months later to rethinkingaids.com.
December 1999 issue of Reappraising AIDS publishes ‘About the
Perth Group’ and their article ‘THE
FINAL ACT: Should HIV-AIDS Critics Question the Existence of HIV?’
under cover of then editor Paul Philpott’s introduction:
Australian HIV-AIDS research team led by biophysicist Eleni
Papadopulos-Eleopulos answer their fellow AIDS reappraisers who wish to
ignore their doubts about HIV’s very existence. They have scoured the
scientific data in search of reasons to believe that HIV exists.
Nonetheless, when in January 2000 South African President Thabo Mbeki
telephones Rasnick as ‘President’ of the ‘Reappraising AIDS Board of
Directors’ to discuss AIDS and then sends him a list of questions,
Rasnick doesn’t consult the Perth Group before answering; he turns for
help to fellow ‘board’ member Charles Geshekter, a historian, instead.
The answers they return to the South African government assume and
affirm the existence of ‘HIV’ and are riddled with errors. In mid-March
the Perth Group fix Rasnick’s and Geshekter’s mess in a submission of
February 2000 Giraldo succeeds Rasnick as ‘President’. The newsletter of
GROUP has elected to modify its name and the name of this publication.
Effective May, 2000, the RA Group will be known as ‘The Group for the
Scientific Reappraisal of AIDS,’ and the name of this publication will
return to its original title, ‘Rethinking AIDS.’ Board members decided
that the new names are less unwieldy than the current ones.
statement ‘About the Rethinking AIDS Group’ again lays down the Duesberg
We have identified solid
scientific reasons to conclude that: 1 HIV may be entirely harmless
internet archive, ‘Rethinking AIDS’ and not ‘Reappraising AIDS’
appears on the masthead of PDF copies of the newsletter even before May
2000 – such as the
February 2000 issue itself. The PDF
version of the hardcopy February 2000 newsletter also omits the new
‘President’ announcement and the scientific statement under ‘About the
Rethinking AIDS Group’, which the PDF version explains is ‘the Group for
the Scientific Reappraisal of AIDS, also known as the Rethinking AIDS
newsletter name change back to Rethinking AIDS actually occurs in
conformity with the objective of the 32-member Group for the Scientific
Reappraisal of the HIV/AIDS Hypothesis, set out in their open letter in
1991 that ‘a thorough reappraisal of the existing evidence for and
against this hypothesis be conducted’, Mbeki convenes a two-meeting
colloquium of orthodox and dissident AIDS expert scientists, clinicians
and others in May and July 2000.
is given to the Group’s suggestion, ‘We further propose that critical …
studies be devised and undertaken’, in that the conduct of
pre-absorption and purification experiments is agreed to test the HIV
theory of AIDS at its fundamentals.
a member of Mbeki’s AIDS Advisory Panel and the Rethinking AIDS Group
‘Board of Directors’,
hijacks and buggers the
pre-absorption experiment, turning in worthless results; and he
collaborates (in the betrayal sense) with AIDS orthodox South African
scientist Professor William Makgoba and South African officials to make
sure that the second experiment proposed by the Perth Group, that an
attempt be made to isolate ‘HIV’ by purification, is never performed.
Rasnick, a fellow member of both the AIDS Advisory Panel and the
Rethinking AIDS Group ‘Board of Directors’, and like Bialy a close ally
of Duesberg’s, involves himself in Bialy’s scheming to wreck the most
important upshot of the AIDS Panel meetings, the ‘critical … studies’,
to the extent that he flies in to discuss the pre-adsorption experiment
with Bialy and his collaborator Dr Roberto Stock at a meeting in
Johannesburg on 28 October 2001 behind the Perth Group’s backs.
July 2001 the Rethinking AIDS Group
publishes its final Rethinking AIDS newsletter.
last time any content is uploaded to the Rethinking AIDS Group’s
rethinkingaids.com website is
August 2003 the Rethinking AIDS
Group loses it website domain to a commercial domain name reseller, who
puts up a page with
links to orthodox AIDS sites.
Rethinking AIDS Group is finished.
Next: Part Two